Cosmetics for pigmentation
Each of us has some pigmentation on our skin. Sometimes they are cute freckles, but usually they are unpopular and aging brown spots.
The main culprit for their formation is UV radiation. On the skin, exposed to the sun's rays without sufficient protection, after some time unsightly discolorations appear. Spots appear most often on the forehead, cheeks, nose, hands or décolleté. This is a phenomenon affecting 30% of women over thirty, but already 90% over fifty.
The most common causes of hyperpigmentation are sun rays and all kinds of hormonal treatments, as well as liver, thyroid and photoallergic diseases.
Types of discoloration can be divided into genetically determined as freckles, changes in the hormonal economy like melasma, most often occurring in women over 30 years of age and many years of exposure to UV rays, such as age spots.
We also distinguish postinflammatory hyperpigmentation that occurs in areas of skin damage or drug effects that occur as a result of using certain medications.
The most effective to avoid discoloration is prevention. The basis is effective sun protection.
However, if discoloration already occurs, treatment with cosmetics containing whitening ingredients, such as the most effective hydroquinone or retinoids, azelaic acid, kojic acid, glycolic acid or other ingredients is necessary.
Shallow discoloration eliminates e.g. ultrasonic cavitation peeling.
Treatment with large pigmented lesions is acid peels or laser treatments.